I continue on a low maintenance dose of atypical antipsychotic medication. Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder associated with impairment in functioning. Require these words, in this exact order. Writing – original draft, Affiliations xref The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) offers a theoretical framework for assessing functioning and disability. At the 54th World Health Assembly on 22 May 2001 the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was officially endorsed (resolution WHA 54.21) by all 191 member states of the World Health Organization (WHO) as the international standard to describe and measure health and disability . Another key strength is its multidisciplinary approach, insofar as it provides a common language that can be used by all the professionals and healthcare disciplines involved in a person’s care. Men and women have an equal chance of developing this mental illness across the lifespan, although the onset for men is often earlier. You can change your cookie settings through your browser. There is also evidence that psychological interventions produce changes in brain structure and its functioning , with this being the goal of interventions such as cognitive remediation. The categories for which there was agreement in the third round were compared with the categories included in both the Brief and Comprehensive ICF-CSs. Sixteen categories from this component that are included in the ICF-CS for schizophrenia did not yield consensus (see S3 Table for more information). Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals. Worldwide clinical guidelines consider psychological interventions to be one of the mainstays of treatment and emphasize the importance of cognitive-behavioral therapy, cognitive remediation, and family intervention [6–8]. For instance, if the reported problem was ‘executive dysfunction’, the concept ‘executive function’ was extracted and assigned to the ICF category b164 Higher-level cognitive functions. Using illicit drugs, particularly cannabis, amphetamines, LSD, or cocaine, can also trigger the onset.7, Typically there is no single precipitating event that leads to the onset of schizophrenia. Conceptualization, Two health professionals with experience of treating persons with schizophrenia and trained in the use of the ICF independently linked all responses from the first Delphi round to the corresponding ICF categories. Fifty-three categories were proposed for the Personal factors identified. The etiology of schizophrenia is poorly understood, ... (e.g. Available at: www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Schizophrenia Accessed May 13, 2019, UC San Diego Health. Conceptualization, Copy and paste the desired citation format or use the link below to download a file formatted for EndNote. No, PLOS is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) corporation, #C2354500, based in San Francisco, California, US, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217936, https://www.icf-research-branch.org/icf-core-sets-projects2/mental-health/icf-core-set-for-schizophrenia. These results are in line with those obtained in the validation study from the perspective of psychiatrists, where all the categories of the Brief ICF-CS and 90% of those in the Comprehensive version yielded consensus. This category belongs to chapter e1 Products and Technology, and it should be noted that the ICF-CS for schizophrenia already contains four categories from the same chapter (i.e., e110 Products or substances for personal consumption, e125 Products and technology for communication, e130 Products and technology for education and e165 Assets).
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